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About the Authors

Hurst Hannum

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Hurst Hannum is Professor of International Law at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University and has taught courses in public international law, international organizations, international human rights law, peacekeeping, and nationalism. In 2006-2008, he was also the Sir Y.K. Pao Professor of Public Law, University of Hong Kong.  From 1980 to 1989, he served as Executive Director of The Procedural Aspects of International Law Institute, in Washington, DC, and he was a Jennings Randolph Peace Fellow of the United States Institute of Peace in 1989-90. He received his A.B. and J.D. degrees from the University of California, Berkeley.

Professor Hannum has been counsel in cases before the European and Inter-American Commissions on Human Rights and the United Nations; he also has been a member of the boards of several nongovernmental human rights organizations. He has served as a consultant to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and UN Department of Political Affairs, on minority rights generally and on the situations in Afghanistan, East Timor, and Western Sahara.

Among other publications, Professor Hannum is author or editor of Guide to International Human Rights Practice (4th ed. 2004); Autonomy, Sovereignty, and Self-Determination: The Accommodation of Conflicting Rights (rev. ed. 1996); International Human Rights: Problems of Law, Policy, and Process (3d ed. 1995, with Richard Lillich); New Directions in Human Rights (1989, with Ellen Lutz and Kathryn Burke); Materials on International Human Rights and U.S. Criminal Law and Procedure (1989); The Right to Leave and Return in International Law and Practice (1987); and Materials on International Human Rights and U.S. Constitutional Law (1985). He serves as General Editor of a multi-volume series of books on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, published by Martinus Nijhoff.


S. James Anaya

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S. James Anaya is Dean and Charles Inglis Thomson Professor of Law at University of Colorado Boulder Law School. Anaya has taught and written extensively on international human rights and issues concerning indigenous peoples. Among his numerous publications is his acclaimed book, Indigenous Peoples in International Law (Oxford Univ. Press (1996); 2d ed. (2004)). He served as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples from May 2008 to June 2014.

Anaya has lectured in many countries throughout the world, advised numerous indigenous and other organizations from several countries on matters of human rights and indigenous peoples, and represented indigenous groups from many parts of North and Central America in landmark cases before domestic and international tribunals, including the United States Supreme Court and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Among his noteworthy activities, he participated in the drafting of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and was the lead counsel for the indigenous parties in the case of Awas Tingni v. Nicaragua, in which the Inter-American Court of Human Rights for the first time upheld indigenous land rights as a matter of international law. As UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Dean Anaya monitored the human rights conditions of indigenous peoples worldwide, addressed situations in which their rights were being violated, and promoted practical measures to secure indigenous peoples' rights, travelling frequently to meet with government officials and visit indigenous communities.

Prior to becoming a full time law professor, he practiced law in Albuquerque, New Mexico, representing Native American peoples and other minority groups. For his work during that period, Barrister magazine, a national publication of the American Bar Association, named him as one of "20 young lawyers who make a difference." Dean Anaya served on the law faculty at the University of Arizona from 1999 to 2016 and on the faculty of the University of Iowa from 1988 to 1999. Additionally, he has been a visiting professor at Harvard Law School, the University of Toronto, and the University of Tulsa.


Dinah L. Shelton

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Dinah L. Shelton is Manatt/Ahn Professor of International Law Emeritus at George Washington University Law School. Before GW, Shelton was professor of international law and director of the doctoral program in international human rights law at the University of Notre Dame Law School from 1996-2004. Shelton previously taught at Santa Clara University and was a visiting lecturer at the University of California, Davis, Stanford University, University of California, Berkeley, the University of Paris, and the University of Strasbourg, France. From 1987 to 1989, she was the director of the Office of Staff Attorneys at the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.

Professor Shelton is the author or editor of three prize-winning books: Protecting Human Rights in the Americas(winner of the 1982 Inter-American Bar Association Book Prize and co-authored with Thomas Buergenthal); Remedies in International Human Rights Law (awarded the 2000 Certificate of Merit, American Society of International Law); and the three volume Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes against Humanity (awarded a “Best Research” book award by the New York Public Library). She also has authored many articles and books on international law, human rights law, and international environmental law. She is a member of the board of editors of the American Journal of International Law and is a vice-president of the American Society of International Law. 

Professor Shelton serves on the boards of many human rights and environmental organizations. In 2006, she was awarded the prestigious Elizabeth Haub Prize in Environmental Law, and has served as a legal consultant to the United Nations Environment Programme, UNITAR, World Health Organization, European Union, Council of Europe, and Organization of American States. In 2009, she became the first woman nominated by the United States to become a member of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, established by the Organization of American States to promote and protect human rights in the Western Hemisphere. She served a four-year term, during which she went on to become President of the Commission.